Owa Daim Shrine
Early on in Link's quest he will raise the Great Plateau Tower and shortly after that, the Old Man will seek Link out. The Old Man tells Link that in order to leave the Great Plateau, Link must first acquire the Paraglider. Link will need to collect a Spirit Orb from each of the four Shrines in the Great Plateau. While the Old Man points Link towards the Oman Au Shrine, Link and can complete the first four shrines in any desired order.
The Owa Daim Shrine is located at the south end of the Great Plateau, up on a higher ledge. Link can reach the shrine by traveling west of the Woodcutter's House. He will need to chop down a tree to create a bridge and then climb up the steep hill. There are rest spots along Link's climb, allowing him to take breaks.
Alternatively, Link can reach the shrine through the cold and snowy region. From the Temple of Time, Link can travel westward where he will find an archway that leads into the cold. Link should acquire the Warm Doublet, or cook some Spicy Peppers to create Spicy Sautéed Peppers, giving Link some Cold Resistance, and allowing him to travel through the harsher climate. Once Link enters the colder region, he can travel southward alongside the River of the Dead. After climb up some of the walls, he can drop down to the east to arrive at the shrine.
At the nearby pedestal, place the Sheikah Slate to acquire the Stasis Rune. This rune will allow Link to freeze an object in time for a short period. While the object is frozen, if that object is attacked repeatedly, then when the stasis wears off, it will react to the kinetic force of all those attacks at the same time, typically launching even the heaviest of objects.
Use Stasis on the gear to the left to freeze the platform (when it's level), allowing Link to cross to the other side.
Wait until the boulder rolls past, and then sprint up the ramp. When the next boulder drops down, Link can use Stasis on it to freeze it, allowing Link to safely pass. Wait until the next boulder rolls past and sprint to the top of the rap to find a treasure chest that contains a Traveler's Shield.
Run along to the side, heading towards the Monk and Link will find An Iron Sledgehammer leaning up against the wall. Pick it up, and then use Stasis on the larger boulder that is in the way. Hit it several times with the sledgehammer and once Stasis has expired, the boulder will be launched out of the way.