GameInformer Eiji Aonuma Interview - May 17th, 2004
(Originally found at GameInformer.com)
During the Game Developerís Conference (yeah, that long ago), Game Informer Online Managing Editor Billy Berghammer got an
exclusive one-on-one interview with Nintendoís new Zelda producer and Deputy Manager of EADís Software Designing Department,
Eiji Aonuma. We asked Mr. Aonuma about his new position, the upcoming Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures, Wind Waker 2,
and the Nintendo DS.
Since this interviewís embargo was lifted today, we can finally share it with you. Realize that back in March when this
interview was conducted we were unaware that The Wind Waker 2 was actually the new ďmatureĒ Legend of Zelda title that we
were teased with at during E3.
Billy Berghammer: Yesterday you announced that you were the official new producer over the entire Zelda franchise. Youíve
obviously worked with the series for a long time, and with gamers, the Zelda series is held in such high regard. How do you
feel about that? Are you nervous about your new position?
Eiji Aonuma: The first title that I was producer on is Four Swords Adventures. Right out of the gates I ran into a lot of
problems with that Ė there are many things that went wrong. So, obviously I realized quickly that there are a lot of high
expectations for the Zelda franchise, and that Zelda fans are expecting a lot out of me, and I know that I have a mountain of
things to still learn about the franchise. So, Iím going to be going forward, talking with Mr. Miyamoto, having conversations
with him as often as I can, learning more about the franchise and continuing to develop it in ways that people will look
BB: You said yesterday that Mr. Miyamoto was the ďultimateĒ producer over the Zelda franchise. How much say does he have over
everything in comparison to you?
EA: Well, Mr. Miyamoto is still absolute. What he says goes. (Laughs) In that sense, things really havenít changed that
much. Obviously, I as producer cannot go to Mr. Miyamoto and say we canít do this, or hey, we have to do this because this
isnít something I fully understand, and demand things like that. So, weíll talk and exchange ideas and decide on things
together. Itís fairly similar to the situation where I was director and Mr. Miyamoto was producer. In this case, Iím now
producer, and Mr. Miyamoto is looking over me, so it hasnít really changed. But weíve gotten to this situation where we now
have other directors working on Zelda games. So, we still have Mr. Miyamoto there, and I just want to make sure that everybody
is aware that heís still very much involved with the Zelda franchise, and still ďupending the tea tableĒ every once in a while.
Itís just kind of a new development for the series thatís going to allow us to do things differently.
BB: You said yesterday that when you played the first Legend Of Zelda title that it wasnít a game that appeals to you. Do you
find that kind of ironic that itís your job to direct this franchise?
EA: (laughs) Yeah, I do think it is kind of ironic. I remember working on Zelda, and getting close to the final stages of
development and thinking to myself, ďWow I canít believe there was actually a time where I couldnít stand Zelda.Ē Obviously,
that opinion changed when I played A Link To The Past. I played that game, and really had fun with it. In that sense, for me,
itís kind of like following in Mr. Miyamotoís footsteps, where, Iím sure with the original Zelda there were things that Mr.
Miyamoto wanted to do but he couldnít do, where he tried, and with The Link To the Past he introduced these new elements into
the Zelda franchise. And likewise, in my work Iím going on and looking at the things that we hadnít been able to do. Maybe
technologically speaking with the GameCube, or new hardware where we want to introduce these new elements. For me, itís really
more like an extension of what he did, or in the next step of that the work that heís been doing has been passed on to me, and
now Iím moving in the direction that heís moved in.
BB: Link is a creation of Mr. Miyamoto, his flavor, the ďZelda-nessĒ as you described. Now that you are the director, what
kind of ďAonuma-nessĒ have you interjected that might be different from Mr. Miyamoto?
EA: I think in my speech yesterday, I think I elaborated on the thoughts that I had about the first time I played A Link To
The Past. And the idea of seeing my actions reflected on the screen and seeing these actions that Iíve done on screen
leading to this chain reaction of events that take place that then effect the storyline, and that bring me through the Zelda
storyline, and the feeling and effect of that, and how much fun I had with that.
For me, itís going to be looking to expand on that, and expanding the way that the player can experience that reality of being
in that Zelda world and being a part of that Zelda story.
BB: As far as the storyline, there was kind of a certain progression of the way Link progressed through the original Legend Of
Zelda, to The Link To The Past, To Ocarina Of Time, and the rest of the titles, until Wind Waker. Miyamoto stated that the
Link in the Wind Waker was really another Link. Can you explain that? Itís a little confusing for some people that this is a
different Link. Did Wind Waker start a whole new chapter, or a whole new story?
EA: I think the easiest way to explain this is that Link is always the main character in Zelda titles. With new games,
naturally people are going to think how does this Link relate to the Link from the last game? The thing is, when making a new
Zelda game, we donít necessarily start with the storyline first, we start with the game, and we think, ďWhatís Link going to be
like in this game? What kind of a character is he going to be, and what kind of a personality is he going to have?Ē In that
sense, for us, we didnít necessarily feel there was a need to have an infinitive connection between everything, because it was
this idea that Link is the hero no matter what. Heís here, and heís part of the story. Obviously for people that are fans,
itís something that they pay a lot of attention to. If you start thinking about that, then youíll have questions, say, if this
Link is related to that Link in this way, what does that say about the four Links in Four Swords? How does that all fit in?
To me storyline is important, and as producer, I am going to be going through, and trying to bring all of these stories together,
and kind of make them a little bit more clear. Unfortunately, we just havenít done that yet.
BB: Thatís something that, you (Bill Trinen Ė Localization Team) and I have talked about with the release of the Zelda
compilation disc, cleaning up some of the spellings like Ganon, and making sure everything is cohesive. Maybe thatís an American
thing Ė us wanting to know how it all works together. I guess that leads me to my next questions. How do the Links in The Four
Swords Adventure relate to the overall story line? Or is it just a subchapter or something like that?
EA: The GBA Four Swords Zelda is what weíre thinking as the oldest tale in the Zelda timeline. With this one on the GameCube
being a sequel to that, and taking place sometime after that.
BB: Iíve been playing through the Japanese version of Four Swords, and I was wondering why the game was broken down into 8
chapters with 3 subchapters per chapter.
EA: In designing the overall scale of the game, and looking at how big it was going to be, we decided from the get go that we
wanted to make a level based game, where you were going through and clearing stages. Zelda, over the installments, have always
been a big adventure, and requires a lot of time to finish. Because of the way the game was designed, it becomes difficult to
stop halfway through, take a break, and then come back later to try and finish it again. Part of this problem stems to the fact
that in the Japanese market where a lot of game consumers say that they donít have the kind of time to devote to a game of that
epic scale Ė to play all the way through, and complete it. So one thought that we had this time with Four Swords, was if we go
through this method of level-clearing type of gameplay, that gives people the opportunity to sit down and play it, and pick it
up again sometime later. Itís something that you donít have to play all the way through in one sitting.
BB: When you were making Four Swords for the Game Boy Advance, was the thought process that the next step was to make a Zelda
connectivity title for the GameCube?
EA: I actually wasnít involved in the Game Boy Advance Four Swords game Ė that was before I became producer of the Zelda
series. So there was another person at EAD that was responsible for the supervision of that title. I, of course, was solely
dedicated to the production of the Wind Waker at that time. This time around, as producer, our initial idea was how do we take
connectivity and make a connectivity Zelda game. In looking at the possibilities, obviously, the first thing we thought of was
well, we had Four Swords, which was a linked up Game Boy Advance game, and the things that you could do connectivity wise, and
hooked up like that opens the door to a game like that. That is kind of where the focus went this time.
BB: Could you explain the story line in Four Swords Adventures?
EA: If you recall the ending of Four Swords on the Game Boy Advance, ultimately the four links were able to defeat Vaati and
seal him away, and protect the world from what he was trying to do. In this game Vaati returns, but he returns because Shadow
Link appears in the beginning of the game, and basically causes this problem which forces Link to draw out the four sword. In
doing so, it releases Vaati back into the world. The problem is, in the beginning of the game, that you donít really understand
why Shadow Link has done this or for what purpose Shadow Link is being used to do this. That becomes and integral part of the
BB: Square-Enix tried to make a single player element out of Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles and it was sort of lacking, to
say the least. In playing Four Swords alone and with friends, youíve seemingly pulled it off. What were some of the challenges
that you faced balancing the single player and multiplayer game of Four Swords Adventures?
EA: First off, Iím very happy to hear that you enjoyed both modes. Our first idea in making Four Swords, and making a
connectivity Zelda game was essentially to make a game that would be most fun multiplayer as a connectivity title. But then, we
think back and say well, the single player element has always what has been most important in the Zelda series, up until now.
So we thought it would be very important, to again include some type of single player mode that can be enjoyed by Zelda fans.
To do that, obviously as youíve seen, we incorporated the formation system. What that allowed us to do was let a single player
to go through and play the same levels and the same maps that normally youíd need four players to clear the levels and puzzles
with. In doing that people would say, oh if the single player game and the multiplayer game are exactly the same, obviously
thereís no reason to play it both ways. I think what people are going to find is that is completely incorrect. When you play
it alone you have a single goal that you are working towards, and thatís getting to the end, and you are entirely focused on that.
When you play in multiplayer you kind of have this goal of getting to the end, but at the same time you have this other goal of
trying to be the one who collects the most stuff, and ultimately wins.
So, it leads to essentially, you know, you have four people playing, and each of those players are going to have their very own
style of play, and thatís going to bring a lot of variety into the game play. Then you have this unique element of the nature of
the game, which is cooperating to the extent that you have to, and then competing to get the rewards that are the result of that
cooperation. So it really mixes up and kind of adds a completely different vibe from the style of gameplay that you get from the
single player experience. I think if people were to sit down, like you did, and play it single player, theyíll find that thatís
fun, and then play it multiplayer theyíll find that that is fun too.
BB: Is Ganon at all in Four Swords Adventures?
EA: If I tell you that, it wonít be interesting by the time you find out. (laughs)
BB: Is there anything different that players will see if they only play it single player, and not multiplayer Ė or visa versa.
EA: There are some slight changes. Obviously, technically, thereís four ways to play the game. You can play it single player,
and you can play it multiplayer with four players. Or you can play it multiplayer with three or with two. So there are some very
subtle differences with the puzzles that you will see in the levels. Partially because, if youíre playing this single player, and
you have a formation, you can do different formations with the four links, whereas if youíre playing with three players, you may
not be able to get all those formations, or the ones that you can do with four players. So in that sense, youíll see some slight
changes in the puzzles.
BB: Are there any unlockables in Four Swords Adventures?
EA: You know we had so many discussions up until the tail end of development Ė we should do this, and we should do that Ė there
was so much that we were talking about doing that I canít remember what we ended up doing. (laughs) But, Iím pretty sure thereís
BB: Whatís your favorite part about Legend Of Zelda: The Four Swords Adventures?
EA: Actually, the individual director of this game Toshiaki Suzuki, is a big fan of the Zelda series. So one thing that he did
with this game that I really want to praise him for and the work that heís done on it, was he went back and looked at a lot of past
Zelda games, and he took elements almost from each game. So if youíre playing through, and if the only Zelda game that you played
was The Wind Waker, youíll look at that and say that this is very familiar to The Wind Waker. Or for people that know Ocarina very
well, might be able to pick up little hints from Ocarina. Obviously, itís not like we have the same exact same puzzles in these
games, but kind of puzzles that evoke some of the same ideas and will give people a sense of familiarity and at the same time getting
something new. He did a really good job with it and itís almost kind of a typical theme for the Zelda game Ė each new Zelda game has
a lot of elements of past Zelda games in it, and he did a really good job of putting all the elements in this one?
BB: You replaced rupees in the game for force gems. Why was this decision made, and whatís the difference between force gems and rupees?
EA: If youíve played through Four Swords on Game Boy Advance, youíll see that in that game you do collect rupees, and itís a multiplayer
game and so it makes sense for people to be basically scrapping for money, and trying to collect the most money. This time around, in
thinking that we really wanted to make a game that has both a very strong multiplayer and single player mode, we realized that in single
player mode, it didnít seem right than in the single player mode the objective is to collect money. That felt very un-zelda-esque. In
thinking about how we deal with that issue, there was this idea that well if we change it so, essentially if you are building up or
storing up a sort of power in your sword, so you can defeat enemies, although itís the same collection, and youíre collecting these gems,
your motivation for that is completely different. As you play Four Swords Adventures, and you collect the gems, youíll notice the more
you collect the more power gets built up in your sword, it allows you to defeat some of the enemies. Instead of collecting money, youíre
collecting the essence of power and putting it into your sword. That is another example of Mr. Miyamoto upending the tea table. (laughs)
BB: Youíre going to be the producer on the upcoming Wind Waker 2. Will Wind Waker 2 be a direct sequel, or will it be kind of a departure
like how Majoraís Mask was?
EA: Youíll have to wait and see. If itíll be a direct sequel or not, it is being called Wind Waker 2, so what does that mean? (laughs)
BB: Youíve hinted that Wind Waker 2 would have some sort of relationship to the Nintendo DS. Would this be some sort of DS Ė GameCube
EA: I guess what I was trying to say was with the development of the DS, and with the development of this new platform arriving. Weíre
going to look at the Zelda series, and take that in new directions on the new platform. Some people took that there would be some
connection between the GameCube and the DS. The Wind Waker 2 is a new game with new ideas. As far as the DS, youíll have to wait and see.
BB: Would you like to make a Zelda title for the DS?
EA: Yes, I do.